Professor Anne Kelso AO FAA FAHMS is the Chief Executive Officer of the National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC), the Australian Government’s lead agency for the funding of health and medical research. Following her PhD at the University of Melbourne, Professor Kelso undertook research in immunology, first at the Swiss Institute for Experimental Cancer Research in Lausanne and then at the Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research in Melbourne and the Queensland Institute of Medical Research in Brisbane. From 2000 until 2006, she was also Director of the Cooperative Research Centre for Vaccine Technology. She then returned to Melbourne as Director of the WHO Collaborating Centre for Reference and Research on Influenza from 2007 until she took up her role with NHMRC in 2015. She is a member of several Government and international committees, including the Australian Medical Research Advisory Board (advising the Minister for Health on the strategy and priorities for the Medical Research Future Fund) and the boards of the Global Alliance for Chronic Diseases and the Human Frontier Science Program Organization.